Despite a surprisingly resilient labor market, talk of an economic downturn is on the lips of corporate leaders.
James S. Tisch, the chief executive of the hotel, insurance and industrial conglomerate Loews Corporation, said on an earnings call with analysts last week that his “fearless forecast” was for recession, but not one that would be as “cataclysmic as ’08 or ’09.”
He’s not alone. When asked by an analyst how a potential recession might affect sales at Starbucks, the coffee chain’s interim chief executive, Howard Schultz, said, “We’re highly concerned and humbled by the environment.”
What is inflation? Inflation is a loss of purchasing power over time, meaning your dollar will not go as far tomorrow as it did today. It is typically expressed as the annual change in prices for everyday goods and services such as food, furniture, apparel, transportation and toys.
And William J. Hornbuckle, the chief executive of the casino operator MGM Resorts International, told analysts last week that he and his executives are “not blind,” and that they “remain keenly aware of the impact of inflation” and the potential that the economy was headed for a downturn.
Recession has been an increasingly hot topic, reports the DealBook newsletter. It’s customary for large public companies to hold conference calls with analysts after they report their earnings. Of the 409 companies listed on the S&P 500-stock index that have held analyst calls to discuss the most-recent quarter, the R-word came up as a topic 165 times, according to Sentieo, a market data provider.
A year ago, “recession” was uttered on 42 earnings calls by S&P 500 firms for the third quarter. Discussions about a recession have been elevated throughout this year, with big year-over-year jumps in the first and second quarters as well.
Last week, Federal Reserve officials made a fourth supersize interest rate increase in an effort to tame inflation, heightening fears of an economic slump. The Fed chair, Jerome H. Powell, said he thought there was still a window for a so-called soft landing, in which inflation dissipates but the economy does not fall into a recession. “Has it narrowed? Yes,” Mr. Powell told reporters. “Is it still possible? Yes.”
Understand Inflation and How It Affects You
Some economic indicators released last week seemed to back Mr. Powell’s view. Last quarter, the gross domestic product rose at a better-than-expected annual pace of 2.6 percent. On Friday, the government reported that employers added 261,000 jobs to their payrolls in October, which was also above expectations.
Nonetheless, chief executives on 88 third-quarter conference calls said that the Fed’s raising of interest rates to fight inflation was either a major factor slowing their business, or that they expected it to be, according to Sentieo. Last week, Steven Roth, the real estate developer and chief executive of Vornado Realty Trust, told analysts that because the Fed was “deadly serious” in fighting inflation, “the economy is clearly slowing.”
Internationally, recession is an even bigger topic. Of the 9,000 companies worldwide that are tracked by Sentieo, the topic of recession has come up on 2,122 of those companies’ conference calls in the past three months, up from 193 in the same period last year.
Earnings growth has slowed significantly. Profits are up just over 2 percent on average for S&P 500 companies that have reported this quarter, down from 6 percent growth a quarter ago, according to FactSet, which tracks corporate profits and other market data. Worse, analysts now expect that the fourth-quarter profits for S&P 500 companies will be lower this year than they were a year ago. If that turns out to be the case, it will be the first profit drop across the 500 companies collectively since the start of the pandemic.